Different Types of Leather
When it comes to leather, not all leather is created equally. It is important to know the different types of leather so that you know the quality of the leather items that you are buying. Leather can vary based upon what part of the cow that it comes from.
Full Grain Leather
Full Grain Leather is so-called because it comes from the top layer of the cow’s hide and includes all the grain with it. This type of leather retains the toughness of the hide but it also includes the imperfections. This is the highest quality leather and it can be very difficult to work with. It also absorbs oils over time and develops its own patina. We use full-grain leather on all our bags.
Top Grain Leather
After Full Grain Leather comes Top Grain Leather. This is leather that comes from the top layer of skin from blemished hides. These hides are sanded down to get rid of the imperfections and then it is pigmented or stained to give it a nice look.
This type of leather is much smoother than full-grain leather and it is more flexible. This makes it great for high-end leather bags because it is so strong and durable. However, it can stretch over time if not cared for properly.
Corrected Grain Leather
Corrected Grain leather can also be referred to as Split Grain leather. This is leather that is made after the top layer of the skin is taken off. This type of leather tends to be tougher because it does reside under the top layers of the cow’s skin. This is commonly chosen for leather products that do not require the leather to be soft, like in furniture.
This type of leather is sanded just like top grain leather. It is then painted and embossed with a leather pattern to give it a natural leather appearance. These processes affect the breathability of the leather.
This type of leather is made from the scraps that are left over after the other parts have been used to make higher quality leather. These scraps can also include dust and shavings from the leather process. These scraps are bonded together with polyurethane or latex on top of a fiber sheet. It is then painted to look like full-grain leather. This is the lowest grade of leather